01 Feb GOATS USED FOR THEIR MILK
Domestic goat’s (Capra aegagrus hircus) are a subspecies domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe. They are a member of the Bovidae family who are closely related to sheep, both are in the goat-antelope subfamily Caprinae. There are approximately 300 distinct breeds of goat. Female goats are referred to as ‘does’ or ‘nannies’, intact males as ‘bucks’ or ‘billies’; their offspring are known as kids.
There are 6
Goats are well known for their mothering abilities, as well as their ability to nurse other animals’ young, such as lambs. On most dairy farms the maternal needs of both nannies and kids are almost immediately ended after birth. The female kids will typically be removed from their mothers after one feed and subsequently fed milk replacer, replacement goat’s milk or even cow’s
Sometimes the kid and mother will not even have that initial interaction, as many young are fed immediately by bottle to manage colostrum intake. On intensive units, kids are machine fed in large groups. Nannies are then typically milked for 18 months. Unlike cows used for their milk, goats do not have a dry season where they are not milked.
The does are either artificially impregnated or more commonly, “stud billies” are used from high milking stocks. Goats have a five-month pregnancy and lactating can continue for up to 2 years after they give birth, in a non-pregnant goat. Usually, lactation decreases so farmers will ensure does are pregnant yearly. Goats are mammals and must have been pregnant to lactate.
There is a system that some farmers use which
Through this selective breeding, whether AI or “paddock joining”, farmers manipulate the lives of goats to suit their bottom dollar. Words such as “increased cost”, “husbandry input” and “capitalise” are commonly used.
Male Goats (bucks) are often masturbated by humans to collect their sperm. Quite often this sperm can also be sent overseas for sale also. An artificial vagina, such as the picture below, is used to collect the sperm.
There are several methods that are used when using the AI to transfer to the sperm to the females.
The images above demonstrate perverted and exploitative processes that have been
THE GOATS MILK MYTH
Many people switch to goat’s milk and cheese in the belief that it is healthier. In fact, goats milk has very close to the same lactose content as cow’s milk. Goat’s milk also contains many hormones which are to assist their kids to grow into an adult goat as quickly as possible. One of these hormones is IGF-1 – the same hormone found in cow’s milk that is known to promote the growth of cancer cells. IGF-1 survives
Goat’s milk is higher in saturated fat than cow’s milk and also contains levels of somatic cells (pus). Somatic cells are counted in milk sold for human consumption as there are legal limits as to how much it can contain. Somatic cells are the white blood cells that are the defence against bacteria that invade the udder and can cause mastitis. So, one teaspoonful of milk can have two million pus cells!
Where animals are used as commodities, they are exploited. More often than not the farmers keep the animals in large herds, meaning sickness, lameness and birthing problems are not always seen, or are just neglected, so they don’t have to pay for the care of the animal.
THE RAW MILK MOVEMENT
HUMANE WASHING BEAUTY PRODUCTS
An industry that is ever growing that the dairy industry has become a part of is the beauty industry, selling items such as goat milk soap, creams and shampoo
Author: Jaysherrie Terraqueos
Founder of Melbourne Goat Save